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ISEAR Databank


Over a period of many years during the 1990s, a large group of psychologists all over the world collected data in the ISEAR project, directed by Klaus R. Scherer and Harald Wallbott. Student respondents, both psychologists and non-psychologists, were asked to report situations in which they had experienced all of 7 major emotions (joy, fear, anger, sadness, disgust, shame, and guilt). In each case, the questions covered the way they had appraised the situation and how they reacted. The final data set thus contained reports on seven emotions each by close to 3000 respondents in 37 countries on all 5 continents.





Wallbott, H.G., & Scherer, K. R. (1986). How universal and specific is emotional experience? Social Science Information, 24, 763-795.

Matsumoto, D., Kudoh, T., Scherer, K. R., & Wallbott, H.G. (1988). Antecedents of and reactions to emotions in the US and Japan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 19, 267-286.

Wallbott, H.G., & Scherer, K. R. (1988). Emotion and economic development - Data and speculations concerning the relationships between economic factors and emotional experience. European Journal of Social Psychology, 18, 267-273.

Scherer, K. R., & Wallbott, H.G. (1994). Evidence for universality and cultural variation of differential emotion response patterning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 310-328.

Scherer, K. R. (1997). Profiles of emotion-antecedent appraisal: testing theoretical predictions across cultures. Cognition and Emotion, 11, 113-150.

Scherer, K. R. (1997). The role of culture in emotion-antecedent appraisal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 902-922.

Mikula, G., Scherer, K. R., & Athenstaedt, U. (1998). The role of injustice in the elicitation of differential emotional reactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24(7), 769-783.


Fact Sheet

self reported emotional episodes - including systematic descriptions (on appraisals, physiolgy, expressions)

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